How do you get Cytomegalovirus/How can you get Cytomegalovirus? Cytomegalovirus Causes:
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a member of a group of herpes-type viruses.
It is transmitted through body fluids via sexual and nonsexual contact; vaginal, anal or oral intercourse; blood transfusions or sharing IV drug equipment; bone marrow transplants; and from mother to infant during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
About 4 out of every 10 Americans get CMV by the time they reach puberty, mainly through contact with other children’s saliva. Adults, however, usually become reinfected through sexual activity.
How to tell if you have Cytomegalovirus? Cytomegalovirus Symptoms:
CMV often doesn’t have obvious symptoms and can be mistaken for mononucleosis (‘mono’).
When symptoms are present, they can include:
- swollen glands
- loss of appetite
- fatigue and general weakness
- night sweats
- a persistent cough
- difficulty breathing
- irritations of the digestive tract, nausea, diarrhea
- jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
In addition to the symptoms listed above, CMV can cause blindness and mental disorders.
How to know if you have Cytomegalovirus? Cytomegalovirus Tests:
CMV is usually diagnosed by a blood test, urine sample, or a chest x-ray.
Relief spells (Rolaids?!) Cytomegalovirus Treatment:
Most patients recover in 4 – 6 weeks without medication.
Rest is needed, sometimes for a month or longer to regain full activity levels. Painkillers and warm salt water gargles can help relieve symptoms.
Antiviral medications are usually not used in people with normal immune function.
What’s going to happen to me?!!?! Cytomegalovirus Expectations:
Like many viruses, CMV can remain in the body for life, and there is presently no cure.
Things to be aware of… Cytomegalovirus Complications:
CMV can create kidney problems and is extremely dangerous for people who have immune system problems or HIV.
In people with compromised immune systems it may affect the liver, esophagus, and large intestine, and all of these conditions can be fatal.
Childbirth may be problematic for those with CMV as CMV is very commonly transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth.
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